The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has adopted a plan that will give consumers access to digital programming over television by requiring off-air digital TV (DTV) tuners on nearly all new TV sets by 2007. By enacting a five-year rollout schedule that starts with larger, more expensive TV sets, the FCC is minimizing the costs for equipment manufacturers and consumers.
The FCC said DTV receivers are a necessary element of broadcast television service in the same way that analog TV receivers have been since the inception of analog television service. Although analog receivers are still dominant today, that will change as the transition to digital TV progresses.
The FCC said that its jurisdiction is established by the 1962 All Channel Receiver Act (ACRA), which provides the FCC with the “authority to require” that television sets “be capable of adequately receiving all frequencies” allocated by the FCC for “television broadcasting.” The authority provided under the ACRA applies to all devices used to receive broadcast television service, not just those used to receive analog signals.
The FCC said the plan reflects and accounts for the following:
- including DTV reception capability in new television receivers will require the redesign of product lines
- prices are declining and will decline even faster as economies of scale are achieved and production efficiencies are realized over time
- prices of large TV sets have been declining at a rate of $100 to $800 per year, so the additional cost of the DTV tuner may be partially or completely offset by the general price decline
The FCC said this plan will ensure that new TV receivers include a DTV tuner on a schedule as close as economically feasible to the December 31, 2006, target completion date for the DTV transition that was set forth in the Communications Act by Congress.
The Second Report and Order and Second Memorandum Opinion and Order adopted requires that all television receivers with screen sizes greater than 13 inches and all television receiving equipment, such as videocassette recorders (VCRs) and digital versatile disk (DVD) players/recorders, will be required to include DTV reception capability after July 1, 2007, according to the following schedule:
Receivers with screen sizes 36 inches and above -- 50 percent of a responsible party’s units must include DTV tuners effective July 1, 2004; 100 percent of such units must include DTV tuners effective July 1, 2005.
Receivers with screen sizes 25 to 35 inches -- 50 percent of a responsible party’s units must include DTV tuners effective July 1, 2005; 100 percent of such units must include DTV tuners effective July 1, 2006.
Receivers with screen sizes 13 to 24 inches -- 100 percent of all such units must include DTV tuners effective July 1, 2007. TV Interface Devices VCRs and DVD players/recorders, etc. that receive broadcast television signals -- 100% of all such units must include DTV tuners effective July 1, 2007.
The FCC also declined for the time being to adopt labeling requirements for TV receivers that are not able to receive any over-the-air broadcast signals. The FCC stated that it is unclear when, or if, such products will become commercially available or how they will be marketed.
The FCC's ruling to reference the most recent version of the Advanced Television System Committee’s (ATSC) DTV standard was also amended. The FCC stated that it will address the possible adoption of the ATSC’s “Program System and Information Protocol” (PSIP) specification in its forthcoming Second Review of its policies for the DTV transition. In the interim, the FCC included the PSIP specification in its rules as a document that licensees may consult for guidance.
The actions also denies a petition for reconsideration requesting that the FCC consider imposing minimum performance thresholds for DTV receivers. In reaffirming its previous decision on this issue, the FCC said that competitive forces are the best approach for ensuring that DTV receivers perform adequately and meet consumer needs in terms of price, quality, performance, and features.
For more information about the FCC visit http://www.fcc.gov.
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