While I didn't have time to do an extensive search of RF test equipment at the 2012 NAB Show, I found a few items I think will be of interest to broadcasters.
The Rohde & Schwarz ETL TV analyzer has become the standard for TV transmitter performance measurement and fine tweaking of exciter correction. The wide dynamic range of its spectrum analyzer allows it to be used for FCC Proof of Performance measurements. The price, however puts it out of reach of many smaller stations, especially when ordered with all of the measurement options such as MPEG signal analysis and network analyzer. At the 2012 NAB Show, Rohde & Schwarz introduced the ETC Compact TV analyzer. It looks like a compact ETL, with spectrum and signal analysis, but without all of the options available for the ETL. I don't think Rohde & Schwarz has set a U.S. price for it, as the estimates I heard ranged from one that would make it very attractive compared to the ETL, to a price which would make it more expensive than an ETL with the same or even more features. I would expect the lower price is the correct one, since the product sheet says "Economical TV transmitter testing."
If even a bare-bones R&S ETL is out of the question, I found an analyzer from Unique Broadband Systems, located in the same booth as Axcera, which allows remote monitoring of a DTV signal over a network at a fraction of the cost of an ETL or ETC. Among other things, it provides a true MER/SNR measurement as well as shoulder level measurement to an accuracy of 1.5 dB. While I wouldn't trust it for exciter adjustment, it provides a good way to verify adaptive correction circuitry is working properly and, if automatic correction is turned off, it will catch increasing MER/SNR in transmitters before it affects reception. Once an ATSC version is available, I'll cover its performance and capability in a future RF Technology column. To view information on the transmission analyzer, you will need to download the full UBS catalog [PDF].
I hadn't looked at power meters and antenna analyzers for a while and I was impressed with the devices I saw at Anritsu and Bird Electronics. While neither is specifically targeted at broadcasters, they provide enough capability to check antennas, tune IOTs and possibly tune filters at far lower cost.
Bird showed their SignalHawk series of analyzers at NAB. I liked the 4.5 pound compact SH-36S-PC, which is compact enough to throw in your carry-on bag. It provides all the functions I use most often in my 10 year old Anritsu analyzer that requires a 70 pound travel case at a fraction of the cost.
You have to move up to Bird's Site Analyzers to get antenna measurement capability. The Anritsu Site Master offers some additional measurement options as well as spectrum analyzer capability. Features vary between the two manufacturers' products, as well as price. Review the specifications to see which would work best for you.
These units won't replace a network analyzer, which can cost several times what the most expensive antenna analyzer from Anritsu or Bird costs, but they will allow you to see how your antenna is performing, make measurements to track any changes, and include a frequency domain reflectometer (FDR) to provide a way to identify bad components in a transmission line or antenna input. Newer antenna analyzers have interference rejection, which allows antenna measurement even when there is a signal on the same channel.
Anritsu and Bird aren't the only companies offering spectrum analyzers with antenna measurement capability. You will find similar products from Agilent and Rohde and Schwarz, to name two.
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Doug Lung is one of America's foremost authorities on broadcast RF technology. As vice president of Broadcast Technology for NBCUniversal Local, H. Douglas Lung leads NBC and Telemundo-owned stations’ RF and transmission affairs, including microwave, radars, satellite uplinks, and FCC technical filings. Beginning his career in 1976 at KSCI in Los Angeles, Lung has nearly 50 years of experience in broadcast television engineering. Beginning in 1985, he led the engineering department for what was to become the Telemundo network and station group, assisting in the design, construction and installation of the company’s broadcast and cable facilities. Other projects include work on the launch of Hawaii’s first UHF TV station, the rollout and testing of the ATSC mobile-handheld standard, and software development related to the incentive auction TV spectrum repack.
A longtime columnist for TV Technology, Doug is also a regular contributor to IEEE Broadcast Technology. He is the recipient of the 2023 NAB Television Engineering Award. He also received a Tech Leadership Award from TV Tech publisher Future plc in 2021 and is a member of the IEEE Broadcast Technology Society and the Society of Broadcast Engineers.