FCC Proposes New EAS Terminology, Procedures

Lengthy discussion on security included
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WASHINGTON—The FCC has released its new 75-page notice of proposed rulemaking aimed at improving the Emergency Alert System and Wireless Emergency Alerts.

Among other things, it is considering adopting new EAS designations to more accurately reflect current roles and responsibilities of key EAS participants.

Paragraph No. 17 of the order states that some familiar nomenclature would be tweaked. The FCC would continue to designate the primary entry point for a Presidential Alert as a PEP, but for each state EAS plan, it proposes that the entity tasked with delivering the Presidential Alerts to other EAS participants in the state be designated as the “National Primary.” 

Likewise, entity tasked with delivering state EAS alerts would be designated as a “State Primary.” An SP could be a broadcaster, state emergency management office or other authorized entity capable of initiating a state-based EAS alert. Further, where geography or other reasons require another layer of monitoring and retransmission between the LP and PN levels, the FCC wants to designate those stations in state EAS plans as “Relay Stations.”

The FCC also wants to streamline and update the state EAS plan filing process by requiring state emergency communications committees to file plans electronically, and to adopt a standard online template for state EAS plan content.

The FCC also proposes to require that participants certify performance of security best practices, given concerns in recent years over EAS hoaxes and hack vulnerabilities. The NPRM contains extensive discussion on the topic of EAS security, starting with paragraph 97: “We propose that EAS participants must submit an annual reliability certification form that attests to performance of required security measures with a baseline security posture in four core areas.” Those are patch management, account management, segmentation and CAP Digital Signature Validation. 

The proposal also recommends allowing federal, state and local governments to issue public service announcements using the EAS sound attention signal, provided that the alert is presented in a non-misleading manner.

The NPRM is available here.