Analog TV Broadcasting Ends in the U.K.
Analog TV broadcasting in Northern Ireland came to a close as Dame Mary Peters, Olympic pentathlon hero, and John Cresswell, CEO of Arqiva, the company responsible for transmitter plant digital upgrades, flicked the switch to complete the UK’s five year and £630 million project--launching a new high-power digital TV transmission service from Arqiva.
Analog television transmissions within
the United Kingdom are now a thing of the past with the powering down of the
last analog transmitter located in Northern Ireland. The digital television
conversion project cost £630 million (more than $1 billion U.S.) and
began in 1998. Dame Mary Peters, a 1972 Olympic gold medalist from Ireland was
invited to switch off the transmitter as part of a ceremony marking the
official end of the U.K. analog TV service that had its beginnings in 1936.
The switchover took place early Wednesday at the Divis transmitter plant located
near Belfast. The new digital signal now originating from that site was
expected to provide service to some 10 million viewers who had previously been
unable to obtain satisfactory off-air DTV reception.
The digital conversion project was orchestrated by the U.K.’s Office
of Communication, or Ofcom, a government-approved regulatory organization that
has oversight in the areas of broadcasting, telecommunications and postal
“The UK’s switchover to digital has been a huge success,”
said Ed Richards, Ofcom’s chief executive. “Not only has it
created more TV choice for consumers, it has also freed up vital capacity that
will be used to deliver mobile broadband services to 98 percent of cities,
towns and villages across the U.K.”
A spectrum auctioning project know as “Digital Dividend”
will begin later this year to allow telcom’s to compete for the
reclaimed television broadcast frequencies.
The digital transition project involved the re-engineering of more than 1,100
transmitter facilities, and just as in the United States, a DTV
“converter” assistance program was initiated to help
off-air television viewers make the change. However, that program was not as
far reaching, providing assistance only to the elderly and disabled.
The United Kingdom was the first nation to establish a regular television
broadcast service. This began on Nov. 2, 1936, with programming and
transmissions originating from London’s Alexandra Palace. The BBC
405-line broadcasts were also billed as the world’s first
high-definition television service, as most contemporary experimental systems
were then operating in the 300-line and below range. This initial television
service was terminated in the fall of 1939 after the entry of Britain into
WWII, ostensibly to prevent transmissions from being used for as a homing
beacon by German bombers. The television service re-emerged in 1946.